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Quotation Standard
Quotation Standard
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IPS Quotation Standard


Quoting follows the international rules ISO 690:1987, or ČSN ISO 690:1987 (effective since January 1, 1997) and international rules SO 690-2:1997, or ČSN ISO 690-2:1997 (effective since February 1, 2000). For further details go to: http://knihovna.fsv.cuni.cz/Jak-citovat/ and http://www.boldis.cz/citace/citace.html.


The quotations are to be drawn from primary sources only, i. e. sources used by the author. Adopted quotations, i.e. quotations where the source is not cited are not acceptable.


Data in the bibliography should be transferred according to the original source following the grammar rules of the corresponding language, words found in bibliographic data are not to be abbreviated. Should abbreviation be necessary, the rules for word abbreviations according to the ČSN ISO 4 norm are to be followed. Information and documentation: documentation title abbreviation rules. Details: quotation standards used at the FSV (available here).


When quoting, clarity of the data is very important. The same rules are to be followed for all the quotations as well as the formal layout.


Quoted documents or literary sources are always listed in alphabetical order, according to the surname of the author, or the first name of the title (in case the author of the document is not indicated).

Quoted sources should be listed according to the type of document (monography, periodicals /articles, internet sources) or theme clusters. In each category these are listed in alphabetical order (see above).


Dean’s Direction no. 5/2006 focuses on bibliography and quotation standards.

Available here: Dean’s Direction no. 5/2006 – Quotation and Bibliography: plagiarism precaution


The most common transgressions of quoting ethics

  • Not quoting the source the author has used is considered the most serious offense in academic ethics.

  •  Inaccurate quoting. All sources must be quoted and listed in the bibliography in a way that makes it possible to identify and locate them. Inaccurate quoting is the evidence of crucial professional failure and can result in a lower grade being awarded for the text.

  • Quoting a source which has not been used. Most commonly this due to an effort on behalf of the author to obscure the search flaws. Only mentioning field experts on the basis of their role within the area of specialization, however, without any connection to the analyzed topic, is considered highly inappropriate.

  • Quoting one’s own works without any connection to the new piece of work (so-called self-quoting). It is appropriate to refer to one’s own previously published (or written) work as long as it relates to the topic. However, it is considered professionally and ethically inappropriate to quote one’s own work unless it is clearly related to the topic of the new text.



Quoting Standards

In terms of the text of any paper/thesis (i. e. seminar, Bachelor, Master, Rigorous, PhD) submitted at the IPS FSV UK, it is possible to select one of two formal quoting layouts where each quoted source must also be included in the overall bibliography list at the end of the paper/thesis.

Reference to bibliography within the text

Always to be stated – author’s surname, year of publishing, number of pages, as follows:


a. Only one work of author/authors published in the same year:


  • [Martuccelli 2008: 227], or [Martuccelli 2008: 152-156]

  • [Dvořáková, Kunc 2008: 154-168]


b. More works by the same author/authors published in the same year:


  • [Dvořáková 2007a: 28], or [Dvořáková 2007b: 158-159]


Bibliography information can also be stated as a footnote.  The whole reference according to quotation standards (see below) is being used at the first occurrence. Repeated reference (i. e. another reference to the same source) may be abbreviated in a way which makes it clear and is not confusing.

Quotation layout – author’s surname, year of publishing, title of the source (possibly abbreviated – necessary when quoting several works of an author/s in the same year), page or pages of the corresponding excerpt.


Examples:


a. First quotation


  • Martuccelli, C. (2008). Sociologie modernity. Itinerář 20. století. Brno: CDK, p. 145-148.


b. Repeated quotation of the same work


  • Martuccelli, C. (2008). title, p. 211. (one work quoted)

  • Martuccelli, C. (2008). Sociologie, p. 211. (more works quoted)


Quotation examples:


Two options of quotation standards are acceptable in the submitted papers/theses at the IPS FSV UK Department of Political Science (i.e. seminar, Bachelor, Master, Rigorous, PhD). The first one complies with the ČSN norm, the other one is a simplified version of the norm, which is used in scholarly publications. The author may choose one of these two standards and follow it throughout his/her whole work. Disobeying this rule is considered a flaw and will result in a lower grade being awarded.


The option presented below (a) is based on the ČSN norm, option (b) is its simplified version and is commonly used in scholarly social science publications.


Monography quotation 


One author monography:

  • McQUAIL, Denis. Úvod do teorie masové komunikace. S českou předmluvou Jana Jiráka. 1st ed. Prague: Portál, 1999. 448 p. ISBN 80-7178-200-9.

  • McQUAIL, D. (1999). Úvod do teorie masové komunikace. S českou předmluvou Jana Jiráka. 1st ed. Prague: Portál.


Monographies of several authors:

  • FRANKLIN, Bob; HAMER, Martin; HANNA, Mark et al. Key Concepts in Journalism Studies. 1st ed. London: SAGE, 2005. 362 p. ISBN 0-7619-4482-6.

  • FRANKLIN, B.; HAMER, M.; HANNA, M. et al. (2005). Key Concepts in Journalism Studies. 1st ed. London: SAGE.


Monography with no stated author:

  • Dějiny českých médií v datech: rozhlas, televize, mediální právo. 1st ed. Prague: Karolinum, 2003. 461 p. ISBN 80-246-0632-1.

  • Dějiny českých médií v datech: rozhlas, televize, mediální právo. (2003) 1st ed. Prague: Karolinum.


Quoting articles and periodicals


  • MÜLLER, Karel. Češi a občanská společnost. Česká občanská společnost a její stručná historie. Politologická revue. 2001, vol. 6, no. 2, pages 3-33. ISSN 1211-0353.

  • SCHMIDT, Vivien A. European “Federalism“ and its Encroachments on National Institutions. Publius. 1999, vol. 29, no. 1, pages 19-44. ISSN 0048-5950.

  • MÜLLER, K. (2001). Češi a občanská společnost. Česká občanská společnost a její stručná historie. Politologická revue. Vol. 6, no. 2, pages 3-33.

  • SCHMIDT, V. A. (1999). European “Federalism“ and its Encroachments on National Institutions. Publius. Vol. 29, no. 1, pages 19-44.


Quoting newspapers (only one option)


  • SVOBODA, Jiří. Co bylo, co bude? Rudé právo. 15. 5. 1969, vol. 49, no. 112, p. 3.


Quoting an article from a collection


  • SEGETHOVÁ, Jana; VESELÝ, Arnošt; KALOUS, Jaroslav. Česká republika na cestě ke společnosti vědění. [The Czech Republic on the road to the knowledge society]. In KONČELÍK, Jakub; KÖPPLOVÁ, Barbara, PRÁZOVÁ, Irena (eds.). Konsolidace vládnutí a podnikání v České republice a v Evropské unii. II, Sociologie, prognostika a správa, Média. 1st ed. Prague: Matfyzpress, 2002, pages 169-182. ISBN 80-86732-00-2.

  • SEGETHOVÁ, J.; VESELÝ, A.; KALOUS, J. (2002). Česká republika na cestě ke společnosti vědění. [The Czech Republic on the road to the knowledge society]. In KONČELÍK, J.; KÖPPLOVÁ, B., PRÁZOVÁ, I. (eds.). Konsolidace vládnutí a podnikání v České republice a v Evropské unii. II, Sociologie, prognostika a správa, Média. 1st ed. Prague: Matfyzpress, pages 169-182.


Theses, rigorous and habilitation works


  • HANÁKOVÁ, J. Edice Petlice: příspěvek k dějinám českého samizdatu. Prague: Charles University. Faculty of Arts. Institute of Information Studies and Librarianship, 1998. 123 pages, 42 pages of appendices. Thesis Supervisor Prof. PhDr. Jiří Cejpek, Csc.


Quoting a series of publications


  • Národní knihovna: knihovnická revue. Published by National Library of the Czech Republic, 1990-, vol. 1, no. 1-. Prague: National Library of the Czech Republic, 1990- . ISSN 0862-7487.


Quoting electronic sources


Quoting articles from an electronic series


  • DOMBROVSKÁ, Michaela. Koncepce rozvoje informační gramotnosti na vysokých školách a odborné semináře IVIG 2003 a ILME. Ikaros [online]. 2003. no. 9 [accessed 2006-02-06]. Available at WWW: <http://www.ikaros.cz/Clanek.asp?ID=200309002>. ISSN 1212-5075


Quoting an electronic series


  • CONSERline: newsletter of the CONSER Program [online]. Washington (D.C.): Library of Congress, Serial Record Division, 1994- [accessed 2003-02-05]. Available at WWW: <lcweb.loc.gov/acq/conser/consrlin.html> . ISSN 1072-611X.


Quoting an article from an electronic conference


  • LESTER, Dan. Re: Can printing from a website be limited? In Web4Lib Electronic Discussion: An electronic discussion for library-based World-Wide Web managers [online]. Berkeley: University of California Berkeley Library, Mon 14 Jun 1999 19:30:07 [accessed 2003-02-05]. Available at WWW: <sunsite.berkeley.edu/Web4Lib/archive/9906/0233.html>.







Quotation Standard



IPS Quotation Standard


Quoting follows the international rules ISO 690:1987, or ČSN ISO 690:1987 (effective since January 1, 1997) and international rules SO 690-2:1997, or ČSN ISO 690-2:1997 (effective since February 1, 2000). For further details go to: http://knihovna.fsv.cuni.cz/Jak-citovat/ and http://www.boldis.cz/citace/citace.html.


The quotations are to be drawn from primary sources only, i. e. sources used by the author. Adopted quotations, i.e. quotations where the source is not cited are not acceptable.


Data in the bibliography should be transferred according to the original source following the grammar rules of the corresponding language, words found in bibliographic data are not to be abbreviated. Should abbreviation be necessary, the rules for word abbreviations according to the ČSN ISO 4 norm are to be followed. Information and documentation: documentation title abbreviation rules. Details: quotation standards used at the FSV (available here).


When quoting, clarity of the data is very important. The same rules are to be followed for all the quotations as well as the formal layout.


Quoted documents or literary sources are always listed in alphabetical order, according to the surname of the author, or the first name of the title (in case the author of the document is not indicated).

Quoted sources should be listed according to the type of document (monography, periodicals /articles, internet sources) or theme clusters. In each category these are listed in alphabetical order (see above).


Dean’s Direction no. 5/2006 focuses on bibliography and quotation standards.

Available here: Dean’s Direction no. 5/2006 – Quotation and Bibliography: plagiarism precaution


The most common transgressions of quoting ethics



Quoting Standards

In terms of the text of any paper/thesis (i. e. seminar, Bachelor, Master, Rigorous, PhD) submitted at the IPS FSV UK, it is possible to select one of two formal quoting layouts where each quoted source must also be included in the overall bibliography list at the end of the paper/thesis.

Reference to bibliography within the text

Always to be stated – author’s surname, year of publishing, number of pages, as follows:


a. Only one work of author/authors published in the same year:


  • [Martuccelli 2008: 227], or [Martuccelli 2008: 152-156]

  • [Dvořáková, Kunc 2008: 154-168]


b. More works by the same author/authors published in the same year:


  • [Dvořáková 2007a: 28], or [Dvořáková 2007b: 158-159]


Bibliography information can also be stated as a footnote.  The whole reference according to quotation standards (see below) is being used at the first occurrence. Repeated reference (i. e. another reference to the same source) may be abbreviated in a way which makes it clear and is not confusing.

Quotation layout – author’s surname, year of publishing, title of the source (possibly abbreviated – necessary when quoting several works of an author/s in the same year), page or pages of the corresponding excerpt.


Examples:


a. First quotation


  • Martuccelli, C. (2008). Sociologie modernity. Itinerář 20. století. Brno: CDK, p. 145-148.


b. Repeated quotation of the same work


  • Martuccelli, C. (2008). title, p. 211. (one work quoted)

  • Martuccelli, C. (2008). Sociologie, p. 211. (more works quoted)


Quotation examples:


Two options of quotation standards are acceptable in the submitted papers/theses at the IPS FSV UK Department of Political Science (i.e. seminar, Bachelor, Master, Rigorous, PhD). The first one complies with the ČSN norm, the other one is a simplified version of the norm, which is used in scholarly publications. The author may choose one of these two standards and follow it throughout his/her whole work. Disobeying this rule is considered a flaw and will result in a lower grade being awarded.


The option presented below (a) is based on the ČSN norm, option (b) is its simplified version and is commonly used in scholarly social science publications.


Monography quotation 


One author monography:

  • McQUAIL, Denis. Úvod do teorie masové komunikace. S českou předmluvou Jana Jiráka. 1st ed. Prague: Portál, 1999. 448 p. ISBN 80-7178-200-9.

  • McQUAIL, D. (1999). Úvod do teorie masové komunikace. S českou předmluvou Jana Jiráka. 1st ed. Prague: Portál.


Monographies of several authors:

  • FRANKLIN, Bob; HAMER, Martin; HANNA, Mark et al. Key Concepts in Journalism Studies. 1st ed. London: SAGE, 2005. 362 p. ISBN 0-7619-4482-6.

  • FRANKLIN, B.; HAMER, M.; HANNA, M. et al. (2005). Key Concepts in Journalism Studies. 1st ed. London: SAGE.


Monography with no stated author:

  • Dějiny českých médií v datech: rozhlas, televize, mediální právo. 1st ed. Prague: Karolinum, 2003. 461 p. ISBN 80-246-0632-1.

  • Dějiny českých médií v datech: rozhlas, televize, mediální právo. (2003) 1st ed. Prague: Karolinum.


Quoting articles and periodicals


  • MÜLLER, Karel. Češi a občanská společnost. Česká občanská společnost a její stručná historie. Politologická revue. 2001, vol. 6, no. 2, pages 3-33. ISSN 1211-0353.

  • SCHMIDT, Vivien A. European “Federalism“ and its Encroachments on National Institutions. Publius. 1999, vol. 29, no. 1, pages 19-44. ISSN 0048-5950.

  • MÜLLER, K. (2001). Češi a občanská společnost. Česká občanská společnost a její stručná historie. Politologická revue. Vol. 6, no. 2, pages 3-33.

  • SCHMIDT, V. A. (1999). European “Federalism“ and its Encroachments on National Institutions. Publius. Vol. 29, no. 1, pages 19-44.


Quoting newspapers (only one option)


  • SVOBODA, Jiří. Co bylo, co bude? Rudé právo. 15. 5. 1969, vol. 49, no. 112, p. 3.


Quoting an article from a collection


  • SEGETHOVÁ, Jana; VESELÝ, Arnošt; KALOUS, Jaroslav. Česká republika na cestě ke společnosti vědění. [The Czech Republic on the road to the knowledge society]. In KONČELÍK, Jakub; KÖPPLOVÁ, Barbara, PRÁZOVÁ, Irena (eds.). Konsolidace vládnutí a podnikání v České republice a v Evropské unii. II, Sociologie, prognostika a správa, Média. 1st ed. Prague: Matfyzpress, 2002, pages 169-182. ISBN 80-86732-00-2.

  • SEGETHOVÁ, J.; VESELÝ, A.; KALOUS, J. (2002). Česká republika na cestě ke společnosti vědění. [The Czech Republic on the road to the knowledge society]. In KONČELÍK, J.; KÖPPLOVÁ, B., PRÁZOVÁ, I. (eds.). Konsolidace vládnutí a podnikání v České republice a v Evropské unii. II, Sociologie, prognostika a správa, Média. 1st ed. Prague: Matfyzpress, pages 169-182.


Theses, rigorous and habilitation works


  • HANÁKOVÁ, J. Edice Petlice: příspěvek k dějinám českého samizdatu. Prague: Charles University. Faculty of Arts. Institute of Information Studies and Librarianship, 1998. 123 pages, 42 pages of appendices. Thesis Supervisor Prof. PhDr. Jiří Cejpek, Csc.


Quoting a series of publications


  • Národní knihovna: knihovnická revue. Published by National Library of the Czech Republic, 1990-, vol. 1, no. 1-. Prague: National Library of the Czech Republic, 1990- . ISSN 0862-7487.


Quoting electronic sources


Quoting articles from an electronic series


  • DOMBROVSKÁ, Michaela. Koncepce rozvoje informační gramotnosti na vysokých školách a odborné semináře IVIG 2003 a ILME. Ikaros [online]. 2003. no. 9 [accessed 2006-02-06]. Available at WWW: <http://www.ikaros.cz/Clanek.asp?ID=200309002>. ISSN 1212-5075


Quoting an electronic series


  • CONSERline: newsletter of the CONSER Program [online]. Washington (D.C.): Library of Congress, Serial Record Division, 1994- [accessed 2003-02-05]. Available at WWW: <lcweb.loc.gov/acq/conser/consrlin.html> . ISSN 1072-611X.


Quoting an article from an electronic conference


  • LESTER, Dan. Re: Can printing from a website be limited? In Web4Lib Electronic Discussion: An electronic discussion for library-based World-Wide Web managers [online]. Berkeley: University of California Berkeley Library, Mon 14 Jun 1999 19:30:07 [accessed 2003-02-05]. Available at WWW: <sunsite.berkeley.edu/Web4Lib/archive/9906/0233.html>.